Your answers should be between one and four paragraphs per question. That is, no shorter than one paragraph, no longer than four paragraphs. Within those guidelines, you should write as much as you feel you need to in order to answer the question – but no more than that. You don’t need to complete the whole exam in one setting. You may save your work and come back later. But make sure you also save it somewhere else (a Word doc, an email to yourself, etc.) in case there is an issue with Blackboard. Your answers should be in your own words. If you feel like you must quote from the handouts, videos, or any other source – you must cite that source. However, you will lose points if you quote a source rather than putting things in your own words. The more you quote, the more points you’ll lose. The best exams will have zero quotes and will be exclusively in the student’s own words. The reason for this is simple. I am not testing your ability to research the answers to the exam questions. I’m testing your ability to articulate your understanding of them in your own words. Copying text from any source (even if you change some of the words) without citing that source is plagiarism. It will result in an automatic grade of 0 for the exam.
1. In our discussion of utilitarianism, we also discussed the distinction between the theory of value and the theory of right action. In this first essay, I’d like you to explain the difference between these two parts of utilitarianism. So your essay should answer the following questions:
· What is a theory of value?
· What is Utilitarianism’s theory of value?
· What is a theory of right action?
· What is utilitarianism’s theory of right action?
1. Describe egalitarianism and libertarianism (recall that these are the two theories of distributive justice we discussed in class). Then describe the “Wilt Chamberlin” argument for libertarianism and against egalitarianism