Chapter 13 The Era of Self Help

CHAPTER 13 “The Era of Self Help” [also known as The Age of Booker T. Washington]

Define the following key terms using the text:

Self Help & Philanthropy

Black self-determination

White philanthropy

Industrial Arts Education vs. Liberal Arts Education

Booker T. Washington

Up From Slavery (1901)

Tuskegee Machine

Washington’s Atlanta Exposition Speech (1895)

National Negro Business League

W.E.B. Du Bois [Alpha Phi Alpha]

Souls of Black Folk (1903)

Talented Tenth

Niagara Movement (1905)

NAACP (1909)

T. Thomas Fortune/New York Age

Ida B. Wells- Barnett

Memphis Free Speech

A Red Record

William Monroe Trotter

Bookerites vs. Niagarites

Benjamin “Pap” Singleton

The Westward Migration

Marcus Garvey & the UNIA


Black Nationalism

Answer the following questions completely using the text:

  • What was “Black Self-determination” and how did it manifest at the turn of the century?
  • What is the difference between and “Industrial” verses a “Liberal arts education?”
  • Explain W.E.B. Du Bois concept of the “talented tenth”. Why did he believe in this view?
  • Who was Ida B. Wells and what contribution did she make to the civil right’s movement at the turn of the century?
  • Why do you think “lynching” was such a pervasive problem during post-Reconstruction?
  • Who was Benjamin “Pap”Singleton and what was his solution to the race problem during post-Reconstruction?
  • What was the mission of the NACW? What would their mission be in 2018 [give three topics of your own choosing with a brief explanation?]
  • Explain Garvey’s two concepts of Pan-Africanism and Black Nationalism separately. Also, do these concepts have any relevance in 2019 and beyond? Explain why or why not