World War II was fatal to the European colonial empires. European states’ populations were too devastated to consider fighting to keep Asia and Africa subjugated. Both the United States and the Soviet Union were hostile to continuation of European colonies. A reluctant Britain, in return for American support, in 1941 agreed to the Atlantic Charter, a pact recognizing the right of people to choose their own government.
The Indian National Congress agreed to support the British war effort in return for a significant share of power in India and a postwar commitment to independence. The British rejected the offer. Negotiations failed to lessen increasing tensions. Mass civil disobedience campaigns, such as the Quit India movement, began during 1942. Gandhi and other leaders were imprisoned. The Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, gained favor by supporting the British. The war caused hardship in India through inflation and famine. When a Labour government came to power in Britain in 1945, independence in the near future was conceded. The divided Indians were unable to work out a compromise between Hindu desires for one nation under majority rule and Muslim wishes for a separate state. When communal rioting spread, the British agreed to the creation of two independent nations, India and Pakistan, in 1947.
Read the information in the background material, look for more information and then write a 3- to 5-page paper answering the following questions:
- Describe how decolonization occurred in India.
- Describe what happened at Partition and how this represented a breakdown in governability.
- Describe the purpose of the paper and conclusion.
- Answer the Case Assignment questions clearly and provide necessary details.
- Provide a quality argument; that is, use good sentence structure, and avoid run-on sentences and spelling and grammar errors.
- Provide citations to support your argument and references on a separate page. Please use APA format to provide citations and references: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ ; also, helpful information can be found in the Student Guide to Writing a High-Quality Academic Paper:http://support.trident.edu/files/Well-Written-Paper.pdf].
- Answer all the Case Assignment questions in an essay format instead of point format. Please do not type questions in the paper.
- Double space the paper.
background material if needed:
Dalrymple, W. (2015). The Great Divide: The violent legacy of Indian Partition. The New Yorker:http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/06/29/the-great-divide-books-dalrymple
Documentary: The Day India Burned: http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/the-day-india-burned-partition/
University of California, Los Angeles. Independent India.http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/indep.html
Speier, H. (1950). Historical Development of Public Opinion, American Journal of Sociology, 55, 4. 376–388