Develop a rough and ready theory of party identification. Taking the case of Bulgaria, and considering only those who identify with one of the several major parliamentary represented parties, brainstorm to come up with some hypotheses that help to explain why some people think of themselves as Socialists, while others think of themselves as Liberals, supporters of GERB, Nationalists or supporters of the Patriotic Block. The dependent variable in each hypothesis will be party identification (with the values being â€œSocialistâ€, “Liberalâ€, “Nationalist”, etc.).What are some independent variables? Keep a few things in mind:
- Choose variables that could reasonably be measured (though a survey or some other means).
- Consider carefully issues of both conceptual and operational definition. For example, if you posit religion as an independent variable, do you mean that there will be partisan differences between people of different faiths, or do you mean that people who are more religious (you also need to consider what that means and how you might measure it) will differ from those who are less so.
- Specify the nature of the relationship. Do not merely say that party identification is related to age. Are older people more likely than younger people to be Liberal, or are they more likely to be Socialists for instance?
- Provide rationales for your hypotheses. (â€œSenior citizens are more likely than younger people to be Socialists because they are more worried about social equalityâ€ â€œSenior citizens are more likely than younger people to be Socialists because they are more worried about Social Security.