homework 610 for ww 12 bob

i need someone to paraphrase these 2 paragraphs into one plz just change the words ??? does not have to be as long as these one just turned the work into one

frist one

The Public Information Office (PIO) acts as the main liaison between the City and the media. Each city has a responsibility for providing the public with accurate, timely, and consistent information in an emergency. Making the public known what happened is a special priority during emergency incidents, and the public expects timely information about the emergency. The role of the public information officer is to provide the general public with information about the emergency and instructions about what they should do. Also, providing the media with accurate, timely information about the emergency and the response efforts. The PIOs and media should work together to disseminate information and instructions to the public. The PIO should establish a Media Information Center for briefing the news media, establish a rumor control function to respond to public and media needs, and coordinate with the Liaison officer to handle VIP tours. The secondary role of the PIOs to provide the public through the media with accurate and complete information regarding incident cause, size, status, resources committed and potential short or long-term impacts, if known. The PIO should consider media as an important elements of emergency response as they can provide significant information to the IC, Emergency Operations Directive and staff as well as the public.

Media providing warning or precautionary information and to release information:

•Relating to the response activities on scene, medical, shelter, road/street closures and damage assessment.

•On the status of the incident, deaths (when confirmed by the Coroner), injuries, displaced persons, damages, hospital status, school status and major problems.

It is important for the PIO to conduct pre event activities to develop plans and resources materials to educate the public about local hazards, prevention, family preparedness, and response-level activities. Also, they should conduct ongoing training to establish emergency management plan and include the media. Furthermore, exercise help to practice and test public information capabilities. Exercises improve interagency coordination and communication, highlight gaps, and identify opportunities for improvement. Positive media relationships built during normal day activities will be valuable during emergency situations. So, do not wait until an incident to make first introductions to the media.


Basic guidance for pios final draft 12 06 07


Lowrey, W., Evans, W., Gower, K. K., Robinson, J. A., Ginter, P. M., McCormick, L. C., & Abdolrasulnia, M. (2007). Effective media communication of disasters: pressing problems and recommendations. BMC public health, 7, 97. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-97

second one

The role of public information officer (PIO) comes out as the coordination and integration of information across all jurisdictions. The PIO gathers facts and vital information and distributes them to the public through media platforms (Gluckman, Weinstein, Dilling, & Paul, 2006). The function is useful since it ensures that the stakeholders remain updated on the occurrence of emergency events. Also, PIO helps emergency responders communicate with victims, volunteers, and government agencies. The function of these realms is significant in the efforts of reducing fatalities by channeling vital information to the public. Similarly, PIO provides critical information that warns the public of impending disasters that allows the initiation of emergency processes. Consecutively, PIO has a mundane role in communicating crucial instructions that help people overcome disastrous situations that result in the preservation of lives and subsequent rescue.

The PIO uses a media platform to communicate crucial information by ensuring that they expand their reach using social media and other areas. Here, the use of such platforms ensures that disaster response remains structures with a defined command system (DeMers & Jacoby, 2006, p. 276). In this case, it is essential for the PIO to use the media arena in streamlining communication among the stakeholders. Consequently, PIO has to structure planning during pre-event activities by providing standard procedures during communicating disaster events. The pre-events include the analysis of goals and objectives within an institution (Gluckman, Weinstein, Dilling, & Paul, 2006). The success of communication and management of information depends on standardization of systems. Moreover, it is important to ensure that communication platforms work and provide alternatives in case one system fails (Milsten, 2006). The pre-event activities are vital in the success of PIO roles in communicating to the stakeholders.


DeMers, G., & Jacoby, I. “. (2016). Disaster Communications. In G. R. Ciottone, Ciottone’s Disaster Medicine (pp. 275-279). New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Gluckman, W. A., Weinstein, E. S., Dilling, S., & Paul, J. S. (2016). Chapter 24 – Public Information Management. In G. Ciottone, P. Biddinger, & R. Darling, Ciottone’s Disaster Medicine (2nd ed.) (pp. 143-148). Elsevier Inc.

Milsten, A. M. (2016). Volunteers and Donations. In G. Ciottone, P. Biddinger, & R. Darling, Ciottone’s Disaster Medicine (pp. 285-294). Elsevier Inc.