# McGraw Hill Connect BUS 530 Finance Week 2, full homework, 25 problems with fully worked solutions, work shown. Text: Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, Brealy, 7th edition You have set up your tax preparation firm as an incorporated business. You took \$77,500 from the firm as your salary. The firm’s taxable income for the year (net of your salary) was \$15,000. Assume you pay personal taxes as an unmarried taxpayer. Use the tax rates presented

 McGraw Hill Connect BUS 530 Finance Week 2, full homework, 25 problems with fully worked solutions, work shown. Text: Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, Brealy, 7th edition     You have set up your tax preparation firm as an incorporated business. You took \$77,500 from the firm as your salary. The firm’s taxable income for the year (net of your salary) was \$15,000. Assume you pay personal taxes as an unmarried taxpayer. Use the tax rates presented in Table 3-5 and Table 3-7.

a. How much taxes must be paid to the federal government, including both your personal taxes and the firm’s taxes?

By how much will you reduce the total tax bill by reducing your salary to \$57,500, thereby leaving the firm with taxable income of \$35,000?

The year-end 2010 balance sheet of Brandex Inc. listed common stock and other paid-in capital at \$2,600,000 and retained earnings at \$4,900,000. The next year, retained earnings were listed at \$5,200,000. The firm’s net income in 2011 was \$1,050,000. There were no stock repurchases during the year. What were the dividends paid by the firm in 2011?

 Construct a balance sheet for Sophie’s Sofas given the following data. (Be sure to list the assets and liabilities in order of their liquidity.)

Cash balances = \$ 5,000
Inventory of sofas = \$ 150,000
Store and property = \$ 50,000
Accounts receivable = \$ 17,000
Accounts payable = \$ 12,000
Long-term debt = \$ 120,000

 The founder of Alchemy Products, Inc., discovered a way to turn lead into gold and patented this new technology. He then formed a corporation and invested \$100,000 in setting up a production plant. He believes that he could sell his patent for \$24 million.

 a. What are the book value and market value of the firm? (Enter your answers in dollars not in millions.)
 b. If there are 1 million shares of stock in the new corporation, what would be the price per share and the book value per share? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)
 Sheryl’s Shipping had sales last year of \$13,500. The cost of goods sold was \$7,200, general and administrative expenses were \$1,700, interest expenses were \$1,200, and depreciation was \$1,700. The firm’s tax rate is 30%.

a.What are earnings before interest and taxes?b. what is net income? c. What is cash flows from operations?

 Ponzi Products produced 118 chain letter kits this quarter, resulting in a total cash outlay of \$10 per unit. It will sell 59 of the kits next quarter at a price of \$11, and the other 59 kits in two quarters at a price of \$12. It takes a full quarter for it to collect its bills from its customers. (Ignore possible sales in earlier or later quarters and assume all positive cash flow is distributed as expenses or earnings to shareholders.)

a. Prepare an income statement for Ponzi for today and for each of the next three quarters. Ignore taxes. (Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required.)

What are the cash flows for the company today and in each of the next three quarters?

What is Ponzi’s net working capital in each quarter?

During the last year of operations, accounts receivable increased by \$10,900, accounts payable increased by \$5,900, and inventories decreased by \$2,900. What is the total impact of these changes on the difference between profits and cash flow?

 b. What would happen to net income and cash flow if depreciation were increased by \$2.30 million? (Input all amounts as positive values. Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)

 Butterfly Tractors had \$20.50 million in sales last year. Cost of goods sold was \$9.30 million, depreciation expense was \$3.30 million, interest payment on outstanding debt was \$2.30 million, and the firm’s tax rate was 30%.

a. What was the firm’s net income and net cash flow? (Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)

d. What would be the impact on net income and cash flow if the firm’s interest expense were \$2.30 million higher. (Input all amounts as positive values. Enter your answers in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)

Candy Canes, Inc., spends \$235,000 to buy sugar and peppermint in April. It produces its candy and sells it to distributors in May for \$300,000, but it does not receive payment until June. For each month, find the firm’s sales, net income, and net cash flow

 The table below contains data on Fincorp, Inc., the balance sheet items correspond to values at year-end of 2010 and 2011, while the income statement items correspond to revenues or expenses during the year ending in either 2010 or 2011. All values are in thousands of dollars.

 2010 2011 Revenue \$4,700 \$4,800 Cost of goods sold 1,950 2,050 Depreciation 570 590 Inventories 335 420 Administrative expenses 570 620 Interest expense 220 220 Federal and state taxes* 470 490 Accounts payable 335 420 Accounts receivable 442 520 Net fixed assets† 5,700 6,570 Long-term debt 2,700 3,100 Notes payable 1,035 670 Dividends paid 550 550 Cash and marketable securities 870 370

 * Taxes are paid in their entirety in the year that the tax obligation is incurred. † Net fixed assets are fixed assets net of accumulated depreciation since the asset was installed.

Suppose that Fincorp has 500,000 shares outstanding. What were earnings per share? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)

 The table below contains data on Fincorp, Inc., the balance sheet items correspond to values at year-end of 2010 and 2011, while the income statement items correspond to revenues or expenses during the year ending in either 2010 or 2011. All values are in thousands of dollars.

 2010 2011 Revenue \$3,800 \$3,900 Cost of goods sold 1,500 1,600 Depreciation 480 500 Inventories 360 470 Administrative expenses 480 530 Interest expense 130 130 Federal and state taxes* 380 400 Accounts payable 360 470 Accounts receivable 472 570 Net fixed assets† 4,800 5,580 Long-term debt 1,800 2,200 Notes payable 1,060 720 Dividends paid 370 370 Cash and marketable securities 780 280

 * Taxes are paid in their entirety in the year that the tax obligation is incurred. † Net fixed assets are fixed assets net of accumulated depreciation since the asset was installed.

What was the firm’s average tax bracket for each year? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)

 Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year:

 INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars) Net sales 13,300 Cost of goods sold 4,160 Other expenses 4,087 Depreciation 2,578 Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) 2,475 Interest expense 695 Income before tax 1,780 Taxes (at 30%) 534 Net income 1,246 Dividends 876

 BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of Year Start of Year Assets Cash and marketable securities 91 160 Receivables 2,482 2,530 Inventories 197 248 Other current assets 877 942 Total current assets 3,647 3,880 Net property, plant, and equipment 19,993 19,935 Other long-term assets 4,236 3,790 Total assets 27,876 27,605 Liabilities and shareholders’ equity Payables 2,584 3,060 Short-term debt 1,429 1,583 Other current liabilities 821 797 Total current liabilities 4,834 5,440 Long-term debt and leases 6,520 6,475 Other long-term liabilities 6,198 6,169 Shareholders’ equity 10,324 9,521 Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity 27,876 27,605

 Calculate the following financial ratios: (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)

 a. Long-term debt ratio [removed] b. Total debt ratio [removed] c. Times interest earned [removed] d. Cash coverage ratio [removed] e. Current ratio [removed] f. Quick ratio [removed] g. Operating profit margin [removed] % h. Inventory turnover [removed] i. Days in inventory [removed] days j. Average collection period [removed] days k. Return on equity [removed] %* l. Return on assets [removed] % m. Return on capital [removed] %** n. Payout ratio [removed]

* – use average equity
** – use average capital

 Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year:

 INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars) Net sales 12,800 Cost of goods sold 3,860 Other expenses 4,127 Depreciation 2,398 Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) 2,415 Interest expense 665 Income before tax 1,750 Taxes (at 30%) 525 Net income 1,225 Dividends 836

 BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of Year Start of Year Assets Cash and marketable securities 85 154 Receivables 2,182 2,410 Inventories 167 218 Other current assets 847 912 Total current assets 3,281 3,694 Net property, plant, and equipment 19,933 19,875 Other long-term assets 4,176 3,730 Total assets 27,390 27,299 Liabilities and shareholders’ equity Payables 2,524 3,000 Short-term debt 1,399 1,553 Other current liabilities 791 767 Total current liabilities 4,714 5,320 Long-term debt and leases 8,014 7,549 Other long-term liabilities 6,138 6,109 Shareholders’ equity 8,524 8,321 Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity 27,390 27,299

 Phone Corp.’s stock price was \$80 at the end of the year. There were 201 million shares outstanding.

a. What was the company’s market capitalization and market value added? (Enter your answers in billions rounded to 2 decimal places.)

 b. What was its market-to-book ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 Here are simplified financial statements of Phone Corporation from a recent year:

 INCOME STATEMENT (Figures in millions of dollars) Net sales 12,300 Cost of goods sold 3,610 Other expenses 4,022 Depreciation 2,248 Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) 2,420 Interest expense 640 Income before tax 1,780 Taxes (at 35%) 623 Net income 1,157 Dividends 756

 BALANCE SHEET (Figures in millions of dollars) End of Year Start of Year Assets Cash and marketable securities 80 149 Receivables 1,932 2,310 Inventories 142 193 Other current assets 822 887 Total current assets 2,976 3,539 Net property, plant, and equipment 19,883 19,825 Other long-term assets 4,126 3,680 Total assets 26,985 27,044 Liabilities and shareholders’ equity Payables 2,474 2,950 Short-term debt 1,374 1,528 Other current liabilities 766 742 Total current liabilities 4,614 5,220 Long-term debt and leases 9,259 8,444 Other long-term liabilities 6,088 6,059 Shareholders’ equity 7,024 7,321 Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity 26,985 27,044

 Phone Corp.’s cost of capital was 7.4%.

What was Phone Corp.’s economic value added? (Enter your answer in millions rounded to 2 decimal places.)

 Consider the following information:

 Davis Chili’s Bagwell Company Return on equity (ROE) 14.40% 9.30% Plowback ratio 0.37 0.72 Sustainable growth 5.90% 7.10%

a. What would the sustainable growth rate be if Davis Chili’s plowback ratio rose to the same value as Bagwell Company? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

b. What would the sustainable growth rate be if Davis Chili’s return on equity were only 13.4%? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

Chik’s Chickens has average accounts receivable of \$6,983. Sales for the year were \$10,500. What is its average collection period? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 Salad Daze maintains an inventory of produce worth \$590. Its total bill for produce over the course of the year was \$83,000. How old on average is the lettuce it serves its customers? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

Assume a firm’s inventory level of \$13,000 represents 36 days’ sales. What is the inventory turnover ratio? (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 Lever Age pays a(n) 9% rate of interest on \$10.1 million of outstanding debt with face value \$10.1 million. The firm’s EBIT was \$1.1 million.

a. What is times interest earned? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

b. If depreciation is \$210,000, what is cash coverage? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

c. If the firm must retire \$310,000 of debt for the sinking fund each year, what is its “fixed-payment cash-coverage ratio” (the ratio of cash flow to interest plus other fixed debt payments)? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 Keller Cosmetics maintains an operating profit margin of 5.8% and asset turnover ratio of 3.8.

 a. What is its ROA? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

b. If its debt-equity ratio is 1, its interest payments and taxes are each \$8,800, and EBIT is \$20,800, what is its ROE? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

Torrid Romance Publishers has total receivables of \$3,120, which represents 20 days’ sales. Total assets are \$94,900. The firm’s operating profit margin is 5.5%. Find the firm’s asset turnover ratio and ROA. (Use 365 days in a year. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)

A firm has a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.63 and a market-to-book ratio of 3.0. What is the ratio of the book value of debt to the market value of equity? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 In the past year, TVG had revenues of \$2.90 million, cost of goods sold of \$2.40 million, and depreciation expense of \$110,000. The firm has a single issue of debt outstanding with book value of \$1.20 million on which it pays an interest rate of 10%. What is the firm’s times interest earned ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

 A firm has a long-term debt-equity ratio of 0.5. Shareholders’ equity is \$1.07 million. Current assets are \$256,500, and the current ratio is 1.9. The only current liabilities are notes payable. What is the total debt ratio? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)