The Precede-Proceed Model is a structured model for planning, implementing and evaluating health promotions to meet certain needs. Both words are acronyms preceding standing for Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation and proceeding standing for Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development. (Gielen, & Eileen 1996) This model has 8 phases 4 for each of them.
Phase 1- Identifying the ultimate result
Phase 2- Identifying and setting priorities among health or community issues and their behavioral and environmental determinants
Phase 3- Identifying the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors that can affect the behaviors
Phase 4- Identifying the administrative and policy factors that influence what can be implemented.
Phase 5: Implementation
Phase 6: Process evaluation.
Phase 7: Impact evaluation
Phase 8: Outcome evaluation.
An example of this model being applied in the public health practice is when the components of the Precede-Proceed Model were used for planning, implementing and evaluating the research on the (DQOL) Diabetes Quality of Life questionnaire and after the 8 training sessions of self-efficiency, self- management, attitude, knowledge, and enabling reinforcing factors. Results demonstrated that the quality of life in diabetic patients improved using after the Precede-proceed model with educational intervention. (Azar, Solhi, Nejhaddadgar, Amani, 2017)
The difference between the two would be that the precede is the initial before act and the proceed is the process of going forward. I pefer the proceed because it is the process of following through. The planning is obviously very important to make things organized but there is no purpose of a plan without the intent to execute it.
Azar, F. E., Solhi, M., Nejhaddadgar, N., & Amani, F. (2017). The effect of intervention using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model based on quality of life in diabetic patients. Electronic physician, 9(8), 5024–5030. https://doi.org/10.19082/5024
Gielen, A. C., & Eileen M. M. (1996). The PRECEDE-PROCEED Planning Model. In Health Behavior and Health Education , edited by Glanz, K, Lewis, F., & Rimer, K. B. San Francisco : Jossey-Bas
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