Describe the basic foundational elements of the Islamic faith and empire. Compare the vitality of Islamic philosophic and artistic culture with the lack of scholarly progress in the Byzantine Empire. Focus on how the Byzantine arts were further hampered by the Iconoclastic Controversy and the Crusades.
Define all terms. Initial post is at least 250 words and contains specific references to the Von Sivers text and the videos. Cite all sources with full citations at the end of the initial post. At least two peer responses are due by Sunday.