Why do we write literature reviews?

Theme#1: Defined by the UMUC:

A literature review is a survey of the scholarly work in a particular subject area. Use scholarly, peer reviewed, or refereed journals in your research. How do I know what a scholarly source is? Review this UMUC link for clarification: https://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/scholarlyjournals.cfm

Defined by the UNC-Chapel Hill:

A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period (within the past 5-7 years is preferred in our course). A literature review can be just a simple summary of (scholarly) sources.

Why do we write literature reviews?

Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Literature reviews also provide a solid background for a research paper’s investigation. Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers.


The University of Maryland University College. Retrieved from: https://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/scholarlyjournals.cfm

The University of North Carolina-Chapel, The Writing Center. Retrieved from: http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/literature-reviews/


Theme #2:


Topic 1: There are four themes in health science learning and teaching which all become more prominent in recent years, for this discussion pick up one of them and discuss:

– Evidence-based practice
– Research-based learning
– Learning research methods
– linking staff research activity and teaching
Evidence-based practice


Evidence-based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: part I

Evidence-Based Practice: Step by Step: Igniting a Spirit of Inquiry

The following link is the useful book for most of the class discussion, please remember to review class material as well.
Field Trials of Health Interventions: A Toolbox


Topic 2: Health Services Research and Research Question

The goal of health services research is to acquire and disseminate relevant evidence that can advance population health, improve health services and inform health policy in governments and organizational policies in health care for this week pick up one of the following areas and discuss:

What are the major steps in the conceptualization stage of health services research?
What is Health Services Research? What are the overall goals of health system research? What are the functions of health research systems?
Discuss main components of a research question (this is a general discussion and you can discuss health system research as a general term)
What are the unique characteristics of medical care services compared with other market products or services?
Background: Ten steps for conceptualizing and conducting qualitative research studies in a pragmatically curious manner

Arrow and the Information Market Failure in Health Care


Participatory Research Methods: A Methodological Approach in Motion