ideally will need to recruit a healthy adult competitive athlete. This
person can be a recreational sports athlete, college athlete, or other
type of active athlete. Alternatively, you can even use yourself. Note
that this is just an academic exercise, so the person you are working
with does not need to follow the program.
Go through Steps 1 to 8
from Unit 17, provided below, and develop nutritional guidepnes for your
subject, dependent on the season that he/she is in. Then provide a
discussion as to why you made your recommendations.
calculations that may apply, using the methods in the course textbook
related to the Steps. Make note of the person’s age, gender, sport, and
Step 1: Determine body composition.
Step 2: Determine daily caloric expenditure range for training days and non-training days and for competition days.
3: Determine the bioenergetics the sport primarily demands for peak
athletic performance; Athlete- Type; Anaerobic – Immediate Energy
System; Anaerobic Glycolytic; Anaerobic Glycolytic – Oxidative
Glycolytic; and Oxidative. Some examples of sports are included below.
4: Determine daily protein intake estimate and the foods and
supplements to achieve it. Remember from your lessons that protein
requirements can differ among different Athlete-Types and among
individual athletes. This gives a scientific reason for making protein
intake a priority for sports nutrition programs, in addition to other
Step 5: Determine daily carbohydrate estimate and the
foods and supplements to achieve it. Remember to plan for carbohydrate
beverage intake before, during, and after practice and for sport events
as appropriate. Modulate carbohydrate type and amount with meals and
snacks to meet specific nutrition goals.
Step 6: Determine fat
(essential fatty acids) intake estimate and plan, and select foods and
cooking methods to achieve it. Keeping fat intake under 30 percent of
total daily calories will be an ongoing skill to master. For certain
sports, maintaining low fat intake during the season—between 15 and 20
percent of total daily calories—can be challenging and requires extra
effort to make sure athletes are ingesting adequate amounts of the
essential fatty acids: Linoleic and Alpha-linolenic acids. Add healthy
sources of essential fatty acids in addition to EPA and DHA as required
Step 7: Maintain proper fluid intake estimate to meet
daily requirements, as determined by amount of physical activity,
environmental factors, and specific athletic training, performance, and
Step 8: Determine the needs for using special sports nutrition and dietary supplement products.