Behavior analysts work to change an individual’s socially significant behaviors in meaningful ways. As the conceptually systematic dimension states, basic principles of behavior are used to change behaviors. The first basic principle we explore is reinforcement. Reinforcement is used to increase behaviors in an individual’s repertoire. Behavior analysts not only work to decrease behaviors, but they also work to increase behaviors. Understanding how reinforcement works is important for adding new behaviors to an individual’s repertoire.
For this assignment, complete the following:
Define both positive and negative reinforcement. Be sure to explain how they are similar and how they are different in your definitions.
Provide two real-world, detailed examples of how positive reinforcement could be used to increase behaviors you would like to see occur more often. Also, provide two examples of how negative reinforcement could be used to increase behaviors you would like to see occur more often. For example, an individual may use positive reinforcement to increase the behavior of working out. She could pay herself 10 dollars after five consecutive days of working out. Another individual may use negative reinforcement to increase the behavior of cooking healthy meals. If her dinner meals include at least two different vegetables, she can skip doing the dishes immediately after eating.
Your examples of positive and negative reinforcement needs to be written in ABC format
- Be sure to label the three-term contingency in your examples.
- Be sure to explain why the examples you chose will work to increase behavior in the future.